Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
The UN explains: “Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential.
Transitioning the global economy towards clean and sustainable sources of energy is one of our greatest challenges in the coming decades. Sustainable energy is an opportunity – it transforms lives, economies and the planet.”
The UN has defined 5 Targets and 6 Indicators for SDG 7. Targets specify the goals and Indicators represent the metrics by which the world aims to track whether these Targets are achieved.
Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
7.1: By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
7.2: By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
7.3: By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
7.a: By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology
7.b: By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support
1 in 5 people lack access to modern electricity, while 3 billion people still use kerosene, wood, coal, or dung for cooking and heating. Poor access to energy slows the growth of GDP and contributes to health problems.
Demand for energy is expected to rise by 20–35% by 2030 (already global electricity consumption per person has more than doubled since 1970s). But, it’s not as simple as just generating more energy. Production and use of energy makes up two-thirds of all green house gas emissions which are a key driver of climate change. People and business need access to energy, but energy produced from low carbon technologies.
What can business do? Check your energy efficiency. Source your energy from renewable sources. Check what impact your energy need has on the local community.